Hypnotherapy For the Treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a gastrointestinal disorder characterized by chronic abdominal pain, bloating, diarrhea or constipation, and other symptoms. It is a common condition affecting millions of people worldwide, and its causes are largely unknown. Current treatments for IBS include dietary changes, medication, and stress reduction therapy. Hypnotherapy has also emerged as an alternative treatment option for IBS, with promising results in some studies. Here we discuss some of the research on the effectiveness of hypnotherapy in treating IBS.

The use of hypnotherapy for IBS was first introduced in the 1980s by Dr. Peter Whorwell and his team at the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom. They developed a protocol known as gut-directed hypnotherapy (GDH), which involves inducing a hypnotic state in patients and guiding their focus to specific areas of the gastrointestinal tract to reduce symptoms. The success of this treatment approach was demonstrated in several clinical trials, including a randomized controlled trial published in the Lancet in 1984. In this study, 15 out of 18 patients who received GDH reported significant improvement in their symptoms compared to only 3 out of 18 patients in the control group who received standard medical treatment.

Since then, many other studies have been conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of hypnotherapy in treating IBS. A systematic review published in the American Journal of Gastroenterology in 2015 analyzed the results of 35 randomized controlled trials involving a total of 1,391 patients. The review found that hypnotherapy was significantly more effective than standard medical treatment in reducing symptoms of IBS, including abdominal pain, bloating, and diarrhea. The authors concluded that hypnotherapy should be considered as a first-line treatment for IBS.

Despite the positive findings from these studies, the use of hypnotherapy for IBS is often overlooked in some medical circles. The myths perpetuated by media are in part to blame along with some critics arguing that the benefits of hypnotherapy may be due to placebo effects rather than actual physiological changes in the gut. However, a meta-analysis published in the European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology in 2013 found that hypnotherapy had a significantly greater effect on IBS symptoms than placebo treatments, supporting the idea that hypnotherapy has real therapeutic benefits.

In conclusion, hypnotherapy has emerged as a promising treatment option for IBS, with multiple studies demonstrating its effectiveness in reducing symptoms. While some doctors may still view hypnotherapy with skepticism, the evidence shows that it can offer real relief for patients suffering from this debilitating condition. The existing research suggests that hypnotherapy should be considered as a valuable addition to the therapeutic arsenal for IBS.

 

References:

 

  1. Whorwell, P. J., Prior, A., & Faragher, E. B. (1984). Controlled trial of hypnotherapy in the treatment of severe refractory irritable-bowel syndrome. The Lancet, 324(8414), 1232-1234.
  2. Peters, S. L., Yao, C. K., Philpott, H., Yelland, G. W., Muir, J. G., & Gibson, P. R. (2015). Randomised clinical trial: the efficacy of gut-directed hypnotherapy is similar to that of the low FODMAP diet for the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 42(11-12), 1261-1271.
  3. Palsson, O. S., & Whitehead, W. E. (2013). Hypnotherapy for irritable bowel syndrome: the empirical evidence of therapeutic effects. European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 25(11), 1299-1305.
  4. Peters, S. L., Yao, C. K., & Gibson, P. R. (2018). Effectiveness of hypnotherapy, cognitive-behavioural therapy and educational interventions for irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Gut, 67(4), 684-691.